you know, he's just created the universe, after all. now he's gonna, you know, humans are gonna rise up, he's gonna make man in his own image. >> reporter: this is the part where elizabeth dodson gray, the feminist theologian, and thor of three books, takes exception. >> it was a great picture, bad theology, very bad theology. "god created man in his own image." okay? and if we say that a picture's worth a thousand words, and truly the picture in the sistine chapel is probably worth a thousand words, if you understand the sociology of knowledge as we now do, what really makes a difference was the male of the species created god in his own image. so actually the energy of creation went up, rather than down. >> reporter: what do you mean when you write about the narcissus effect with michelangelo's ceiling? >> well if you look at the caravaggio picture, when narcissus looks in the water and only sees his face.